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4/6/00: Selling the Waters of Gitchi-Gummi (Listen in RealAudio…)
The shortage of fresh water in the U.S. and Canada has threatened the health of the Great Lakes, specifically Lake Superior or Lake Gitchi-Gummi (Big Water as it is known in Ojibway). Canadian tankers have already begun hauling water to Ontario to supplement their supply. How long before we start exporting all of the Great Lakes water to quench the thirst of North America? What could this mean for the health of one of the world's largest fresh water ecosystems? Guests include Ann McAnnon-Soltis of the Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission.

4/5/00: No Alcohol on Yakama Land (Listen in RealAudio…)
Members of the Yakama Nation have debated whether or not to ban alcohol on their 1.3-million acre reservation, which runs alongside the Cascade Mountains in lower Washington. A three-member board approved a resolution banning alcohol on all reservation lands, including deeded land that was sold to private owners a century ago. Who has jurisdiction over the sale of alcohol on Yakama? Guests include Hope McDonald Lonetree, coordinator of an anti-bootlegging task force in Tuba City.

4/4/00: Wasting the Columbia River (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Hanford Nuclear Reservation is one of the most contaminated places in North America, thanks to the Department of Energy. For five years in the 1960's Hanford officials buried deadly radioactive waste in underground trenches near the Columbia River. Predictions are that the contamination could reach the river in about three years. Meanwhile, Northwest tribes are working to protect their salmon supply and other treaty rights. Guests include Norm Buske, oceanographer and physicist with the Government Accountability Project, and Russell Jim, progam manager for the Yakama Nation's Enivronmental Resortation Waste Management Program.

4/3/00: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio…)
Colombian police have arrested a man they have identified as the guerrilla commander responsible for the kidnapping and slaying of three Americans, including Ingrid Washinawatok of the Menominee Nation. Another Long Walk is taking place at Fort Sumner in New Mexico, only this time in the name of peace. And Census 2000 is still counting on Native people. Join us as we bring you these and other current events from Indian Country.


3/30/00: Indians & the U.S. Government (Listen in RealAudio…)
European nations first recognized the need to use the international legal device, the treaty, in dealing with tribal nations shortly after 1500. All of the colonial powers, and later the United States, recognized the sovereignty of tribal governments by entering into over 800 treaties with tribes. How do treaties and agreements affect our lives today? And how do treaty rights and guarantees make Native people different from other population segments of the United States? Guests include Kirke Kickingbird, author of “Indians and the U.S. Constitution”.

3/29/00: Book-of-the-Month: Life Woven with Song (Listen in RealAudio…)
Tlingit author Nora Marks Dauenhauer's new book, “Life Woven with Song”, is a collection of real and fictional stories, folktales, poems and plays about Tlingit culture and lifeways. It is her tribute to a lifetime in Alaska, to her ancestors, to her grandchildren, and to her enduring cultural traditions and the ever-present modern challenges. She joins us live for our book-of-the-month edition of Native America Calling.

3/28/00: Killing of a Sacred White Buffalo (Listen in RealAudio…)
The white buffalo calf has a significant role in Lakota spirituality. When Medicine Wheel was born four years ago it marked the only time a white buffalo calf had been born on tribal lands in the twentieth century and it was viewed as a symbol of hope and a sign of rebirth by many tribal members. Recently, this sacred animal was murdered on the Pine Ridge Reservation. What does this mean to the Lakota and other Native people? Guests include Floyd Hand of the Oglala Nation.

3/27/00: The Success of Tribal Colleges (Listen in RealAudio…)
Leaders of tribal colleges and other universities are gathering in Albuquerque to discuss ways to better share their accomplishments. These schools have begun innovative programs in areas such as buffalo restoration, tribal business development, cultural preservation and student achievement. Yet few Americans have heard this good news. How do we get the word out? Guests include Louis LaRose, director of the Northern Plains Bison Education Network and Dr. Carolyn Elgin, president of the Southwestern Indian Polytechnic Institute.

3/23/00: Spring Drought Outlook (Listen in RealAudio…)
According to the National Weather Service, the United States is in the midst of a worsening drought, following the warmest winter on record. Several southern states experienced their driest February and the Spring outlook released this week appears bleak. "The drought of 1999 remains with us in the new century and our data indicate conditions are probably going to get worse before they get better," said Secretary William Daley of the U.S. Department of Commerce. Guests include Mark Svoboda, climatologist at the National Drought Mitigation Center, and Doug LaComt, a senior meteorologist at the National Weather Service.

3/22/00: The Pope's Apology (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Pope has apologized to all the victims of cruel acts committed by the Roman Catholic Church. In asking for forgiveness, the Pope spoke of the Crusades, the Spanish Inquisition, the Nazi Holocaust, the degradation of women and racism towards people of color. But what role did the Church play in the colonization of Native lands and cultures? Guests include Steve Newcomb of the Indigenous Law Institute.

3/21/00: The Sacred Hoop Walk (Listen in RealAudio…)
A pilgrimage began on April 2 in California and culminated in ceremonies at the White House on July 10. A unique 100 eagle-feather Hoop of Nations was carried by foot from Los Angeles to Washington, D.C. Participants were to bring attention to drug and alcohol abuse as well as domestic violence in our Native communities in order to increase efforts of preventing and eliminating both. Guests include Don Coyhis, executive director of White Bison, Inc.

3/20/00: Politics in America (Listen in RealAudio…)
Many Americans, including our elected officials, have become disillusioned with the state of our political system. Partisanship voting seems to be the rule of the day and the best interests of the citizens have taken a backseat. What changes can be made to give the power back to the people? Guests include New Mexico Congressman Tom Udall and Ron Allen, vice-president of the National Congress of American Indians.

3/16/00: The Traditional vs. The Modern Woman (Listen in RealAudio…)
How does the modern woman balance the needs of her culture and modern lifestyle? Many traditional teachings place the role of women in the home to work and teach the children the tribal ways. But the demands of modern society have many women leaving the home and their communities for higher education and competitive careers. How can Native women balance the needs of both worlds and maintain their cultural responsibilities as well?

3/15/00: That Great American Gas Out (Listen in RealAudio…)
Some organizations and environmental groups are demanding the people of the United States boycott gasoline, because they feel our purchasing of fuel is harming the rest of the world. If we do buy fuel to run our cars or heat our homes does that mean that we need to share in the blame of what the gas and oil companies are doing throughout the world? Or are these organizations putting undue blame on the American consumer?

3/14/00: Investing in the Indigenous World (Listen in RealAudio…)
Much of the world’s economy is based on resources stolen from indigenous communities. Some organizations are working to change that by using publicly donated money and investing it towards Native American projects that allow Native American communities to develop the resources they want to develop and still allowing them the option to preserve other resources that they would rather leave untouched. Guests include Rebecca Adamson, President of the First Nations Development Institute.

3/13/00: Gun Control (Listen in RealAudio…)
Gun control has become one of the hottest issues in this year’s presidential election. The recent killings involving adolescents and most recently the killing of a six-year-old by another six-year-old has America asking if the second amendment - the right to bear arms - is worth the lives of our children and they’re descendants. Guests include Robert B. Goode of the National Rifle Association.

  3/9/00: Peyote: Narcotic or Medicine? (Listen in RealAudio…)
Native people throughout the four directions have joined the Native American Church, which uses the sacred plant Peyote in its rituals and ceremonies. Believers say, if used properly, the cactus plant can heal illnesses and create a window to the spirit world. Others claim it is nothing more than a hallucinogenic drug. What are the laws concerning Peyote and its usage?

3/8/00: International Women's Day (Listen in RealAudio…)
Founded in 1911, International Women's Day is the kernel around which Women's History Month (1987) was established in the U.S. On or near the 8th of March each year, women of all ages and cultures and from all walks of life join together around the world to celebrate solidarity and demand justice for all women.

3/7/00: Why Do Men Rape? (Listen in RealAudio…)
Is rape about power and domination? Or is it simply a savage and demented way for men to reproduce? A controversial new book called A Natural History of Rape is sparking this argument. The authors contend that rape is a way for males to spread their seed and their genes to the next generation. Other experts in the field say the book and the theory are unfounded and ridiculous. Guests include book co-author and University of New Mexico biologist Randy Thornhill and Carolyn Ford of the Albuquerque Rape Crisis Center.

3/2/00: Freedom of the Press in Native America (Listen in RealAudio…)
If newspapers, radio stations and other media outlets are owned by tribal councils or native corporations does it affect what is covered by them? Can we have an objective look at news stories when tribal politics play a role? Are there special obstacles for journalists in Native America or is this an unfortunate evil that all journalists face when the interests of the publisher or broadcasting licensee and the interests of the public at large aren't one and the same? Guests: Paul DeMain, Managing Editor and CEO of News From Indian Country

2/28/00: African & Native American Heritage and History (Listen in RealAudio…)
In recognition of Black History Month we offer a glimpse of the shared heritage between Native and African Americans. This blending of cultures has created unique tribal identities in parts of Indian Country as well as producing unity, controversy, and even hostility in our Native communities. What is the shared history and heritage between Blacks and Indians? Guests include historian Dr. William Loren Katz. Listen to other NAC programs on race including an older program on Black Indians.

2/24/00: Alaska's Subsistence War (Listen in RealAudio…)
Governor Tony Knowles is appealing a key judicial decision to the Alaska Supreme Court that could devastate the rights of Alaska Natives for priority fishing and hunting. In response, the Alaska Federation of Natives is appealing to supporters internationally to protect their inherent way of life.

2/23/00: Book-of-the-Month: A Map to the Next World (Listen in RealAudio…)
In her fifth book Muscogee author Joy Harjo melds memories, dream visions, myths and stories from America's brutal history into a poetic whole. Her visionary lyricism offers the hope of redemption and the title poem bears the reminder that there is no beginning or end to our journey and that each of us must draw our own map. Guests: Joy Harjo

2/22/00: Bureau of Indian Affairs for 2000 (Listen in RealAudio…)
Whether we appreciate it or not, the BIA continues to play a significant role in the livelihoods of tribal members and in the destiny of our tribal lands. Once again, we offer you direct access to the person who directs the agency, Kevin Gover. Guests: Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs and head of the BIA.

2/21/00: Presidential Campaign 2000 (Listen in RealAudio…)
As the primary elections for President heat up, it is apparent that the candidates are not going to volunteer to talk about Indian issues. Some Native leaders are saying Indian issues are not even registering a blip on the radar screens of the top candidates. How do we get the attention of presidential hopefuls? Guests: Fred Harris, former U.S. Senator and current political science professor at the University of New Mexico and Mark Anthony Rolo with Washington Bureau of Indian Country Today. Hear and see what the candidates have said.

2/17/00: High School Hoops (Listen in RealAudio…)
High school basketball is king in Indian Country. On this edition of Native America Calling, Harlan opens up the phone lines and lets Indian Country show its support for local teams as well as tell of their sucesses and finally about how a great high school team can spread pride throughout its community.

2/16/00: Dying Languages (Listen in RealAudio…)
The clock is ticking on many of the indigenous languages of the world. In Native America, of an estimated 300 languages spoken when Columbus arrived, only 175 are still spoken. Of those, only 20 are being passed from parents to their children. But all over the world, ambitious efforts are being made to save our dying languages from their deathbeds.

2/15/00: Race Relations on College Campuses (Listen in RealAudio…)
A group calling themselves the Students of Color took over the student union at the University of Michigan. They did so to protest the schools support of a secret society called Michigamua, which they claim exploits, ridicules, and perpetuates stereotypes of Native Americans. The Students of Color want university officials to sever all ties with the allegedly racist group. Are race relations on college campuses ready to explode into the public eye? Listen to other past programs on race and racism.

2/14/00: Valentine's Day (Why do we fall in love?) (Listen in RealAudio…)
A recent U.S. News and World Report claims that biology, not romance, guides Cupid's arrows. It contends that we are simply looking for a healthy mate. But romantics like to believe we follow our hearts when it comes to…well, matters of the heart. Join us on Valentine's Day as we talk about love and romance. Guests: indianz.com's "Love Monster"

2/9/00: Peace for Cuba (Listen in RealAudio…)
A delegation of Native Americans is in Cuba promoting peace and international solidarity for the world's indigenous peoples. On this special cultural edition we take you to Cuba to get a firsthand report on what's happening in the country. What do the peoples of Cuba and Native America have in common? And what can be done to improve our relations with one another? Guests include Dennis Banks of the American Indian Movement and Cuban representatives.

2/8/00: Combating White Supremacy (Listen in RealAudio…)
White supremacy and hate groups abound in rural America, especially in areas that border native reservations. On this edition of Native America Calling we will talk with Coeur d'Alene tribal chairman Ernie Stensgar about how his tribe has dealt with racial tensions in Idaho. Ernie was awarded the Bayard Rustin Civil Rights Award for his work against racism. Can Native America take more of a leadership role in combating racism?

2/7/00: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio…)
On this current events program we hear about a proposal to cede the Southwest territories back to Mexico and the Indigenous peoples. We'll also visit with the Leonard Peltier Defense Committee and get an update on the recent visit between Canada's Assembly of First Nations President Phil Fontaine and Leonard Peltier. And of course, we'll be opening the phone lines to hear what's happening in your community.

2/3/00: Generation of Orphans (Listen in RealAudio…)
The AIDS epidemic in Africa has left a startling total of 10 million children without parents, and the number is growing. The United Nations Security Council is worried about the implications of a whole generation of orphans growing up without parental guidance. Will this create a valueless society? What can be done for this dire situation in Africa? And how does it affect Native America?

2/2/00: Racial Diversity on Television (Listen in RealAudio…)
There are still few, if any, visible signs of Native people on the major TV networks. Demands have been made, boycotts have been organized, and petitions have been signed, but still not much progress has been made on securing jobs for people of color in the television industry. Is affirmative action the answer? Guests include Sonny Skyhawk of the Lakota Nation and President of American Indians in Film.

2/1/00: Conflict at Big Mountain (Listen in RealAudio…)
There is a crisis at Big Mountain. Truly a complicated issue, Native America Calling takes a listen to and talks with both sides. Hopis and Navajos are arguing over who has right to the land. Add to that accusations that coal interests are behind it all along with federal red tape and mandates and you have the ball of confusion that is the conflict at Big Mountain.

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1/31/00: Do You Believe in Miracles? (Listen in RealAudio…)
In what some are calling a Christmas Miracle, a Cochiti Pueblo woman awakened after being in a coma for more than 16 years. It happened on Christmas Eve. Doctors and hospital officials are amazed by her recovery. Family members and religious leaders are now singing the praises of divine intervention. Join us as we open up the phone lines and ask, "Do you believe in miracles?"

1/26/00: Book-of-the-Month: ALL OUR RELATIONS (Listen in RealAudio…)
This eagerly awaited non-fiction debut by acclaimed Anishinaabe activist Winona LaDuke is a thoughtful and in-depth account of Native resistance to environmental and cultural degradation. On each page of this volume, LaDuke speaks forcefully for self-determination and community in this beautiful and daring vision of political, spiritual, and ecological transformation.

1/25/00: Pine Ridge Takeover (Listen in RealAudio…)
A crisis is unfolding on the Pine Ridge Reservation. A group of Lakotas have taken over the tribal office in an effort to force an audit of the tribe's casino earnings and revenues from other enterprises. There are allegations that corruption is diverting monies from tribal programs. Guest include Dale Looks Twice, one of the occupiers in the tribal compound.

1/24/00: Indian Gaming Update (Listen in RealAudio…)
Gaming is still one of the hottest and most controversial issues in Indian Country. In California and Nebraska tribal leaders are seeking to amend state constitutions to allow casino-style gambling. In New Mexico tribes are fervently negotiating to reduce their revenue-sharing payments to the state. Invited guests include Judi Morgan of the Nebraska Indian Affairs Commission and Monte Deere of the National Indian Gaming Commission.

1/20/00: Parental Rights (Listen in RealAudio…)
The plight of the young Cuban refugee, Elian Gonzales, has America wondering what rights and powers parents do have when it comes to their children. But this is a question that Native America has been dealing with for years. In the past, federal agencies have stripped Indian children away from their parents for menial and benign reasons and sent them off to boarding schools and foster homes. Can this still happen today? What protections do parents have if the US government feels they are not good parents? Guests TBA.

1/19/00: Indian in the Spotlight: Vincent Craig (Listen in RealAudio…)
Vincent Craig is best known for his humor and music. But did you know that this Navajo entertainer serves as Justice Commissioner for the White Mountain Apache? Or that he was former prosecutor for the Navajo Nation. On this "Indian in the Spotlight" Edition, we visit with comedian/musician Vincent Craig and discuss how he transforms hardship into humor.

1/17/00: Marketing Native America Overseas (Listen in RealAudio…)
Marketing Native America oversees is becoming a lucrative industry. But how does Native America take advantage of the opportunity without selling its very identity -- as well as the culture it is trying to protect? Guests include Gordon Bronitsky Ph.D. of Bronitsky and Associates Marketing Firm.

1/13/00: The Plight of Native Ranchers (Listen in RealAudio…)
Native American ranchers of the Northern Plains are facing bankruptcy unless federal lease fees are lowered. The high fees threaten the livelihood of the ranchers, but they also threaten a lifestyle unique to Native ranchers. Who is being called to come to their aid?

1/12/00: Amending Tribal Constitutions (Listen in RealAudio…)
Tribal constitutions are guidelines that tribes have created to govern their respective nations. The problem, however, is that many of the current constitutions are outdated and do not reflect the true needs of tribal members. Too often, this results in an internal conflict that can decimate tribes. How can amending tribal constitutions improve communal/council relations?

1/11/00: Natives of the Amazon (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Amazon basin is the largest watershed and rain forest system in the world. It is also home to hundreds of different Indigenous communities, which are under attack from miners, loggers, and land developers. On this special cultural program we visit with some of the Amazonian peoples and learn of their fight for survival. Guests include Paul Gualinga from the Quichua Nation of Ecuador.

1/10/00: Spirit of the Salmon (Listen in RealAudio…)
Tribes of the Pacific Northwest have adopted a fisheries management plan to save the Columbia River watershed. A coalition of tribal nations are taking matters into their own hands to save the salmon and their own tribal cultures. Can tribal management practices save the ancient ecosystems of the Great Northwest and revitalize the Spirit of the Salmon? Guests include Scherri Sotomish of the Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish

1/6/00: Gang Life/Rez Life (Listen in RealAudio…)
On many reservations in Indian Country, you can see for yourself that gang life has become a big part of Rez life. Despite anti-gang efforts the lifestyle continues to attract Native youth. So now, instead of trying to break up the gang infrastructure, work is being done to change the gang value systems. How well is this philosophy working?

1/5/00: Y2K NDNs (Listen in RealAudio…)
It seems Native people have always been defined by others. But now, as we begin the 21st century, we have the opportunity to create our own definitions. How should we determine tribal members? Should it be blood quantum, language, cultural knowledge, or a combination? Join host Harlan McKosato as he takes your calls about defining ourselves as Native people in the new millennium.
Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

1/4/00: Protecting Native Gravesites (Listen in RealAudio…)
As urban sprawl and population growth start to devour the landscape, gravesites are becoming more of an issue for tribes. Some states are offering support in the courts, while others seem to be ignoring the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA). How can tribes keep land developers, municipal expansion, and grave robbers from trespassing on sacred gravesites?

1/3/00: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio…)
We will kick off the New Year and the 21st century by surveying Native America to make sure everyone survived the Y-2-K Millennium Bug. We also will get you caught up on what to expect in the next legislative session on Capitol Hill concerning Indian affairs. And we will bring you an update on the standoff in Minnehaha Park.

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12/30/99: The New Millennium/Year in Review (Listen in RealAudio…)
As we reflect upon the past century and the millennium, how do we as Native Americans evaluate our progress as indigenous peoples? What events have occurred that have influenced Native America. On this special Millennium Edition the Native America Calling staff and Indian Country shares with you their list of important stories of 1999 as well as what to expect in the year 2000.

12/29/99: Book of the Month: Invasion of Indian Country (Listen in RealAudio…)
Following the Industrial Revolution of the United States during the late 1800s, an increasingly urban America sought fuels to run its modern factories, railroads, automobiles and airplanes. In his new book, Shawnee/Sac & Fox author Donald Fixico brings to light the increasing pressure that Native societies faced from federal policies and American capitalists seeking to control and grow wealthy from Indian Country's natural resources.

12/23/99: Tales of Wonder (Listen in RealAudio…)
Native American Winter Stories is our theme and joining us is award-winning storyteller Gregg Howard of the Cherokee/Powhatan tribes. We invite you to get cozy by the fire and listen as we bring you Tales of Wonder.

12/22/99: South Dakota Civil Rights (Listen in RealAudio…)
Recently the South Dakota advisory committee of the U.S. Civil Rights Commission held an all-day fact-finding forum in Rapid City. They were seeking to find any disparities and discrimination in the state's justice system against Native Americans. What they found was abhorrent. Will this change the way Native people are treated by state law enforcement and justice system officials? Guests include Elsie Meeks and Milo Yellowhair of the Oglala Lakota Nation.

12/21/99: Ski Native America! (Listen in RealAudio…)
Who is the fastest Indian on skis? Have you heard of Ross Anderson? He is from the Ute Nation and a professional speed skier. He is ranked 13th in the world, reaching speeds up to 135 mph! And, where are the best Native-owned ski resorts? Have you ever tried Mescalero or the White Mountains? And finally, where was skiing invented? Some say right here on Turtle Island by Native people.

12/20/99: Danger Toys (Listen in RealAudio…)
'Tis the season for gift-shopping and many of us have jumped headfirst into the frenzy of buying the latest toys for the kids on our Christmas lists. But buyers beware! There are some products that consumer groups warn are potential health hazards. Could your stockings be filled with accidents waiting to happen? Guests include Yolanda Fultz-Morris of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.

12/16/99: Indigenous People of Cuba (Listen in RealAudio ...)
On this special cultural edition of Native America Calling, we take you to Cuba where a delegation of Native Americans is visiting with our neighbors to the south. It's our opportunity to breach the political divide between the US government and Cuba and get a glimpse at the vibrant cultures of the Caribbean.

12/15/99: The Great Indian Land Grab (Listen in RealAudio…)
Reclaiming Indian land is the number one priority for Native America. Much to the dismay of hostile state governments and anti-treaty organizations, tribes are acquiring land through federal acquisition and land purchases. On this edition, we look at the success of the Guidieville Band of Pomos in California, which are the first California Indian tribe to get land back. We'll also look at the pending Oneida land claim in upstate New York, which is on the verge of violence. Guests: Walter Gray of the Guidieville Pomo and Chaz Wheelock of the Oneida Nation.

12/14/99: E-Commerce & Native America (Listen in RealAudio…)
Electronic commerce looks like it is here to stay. So how does Native America get caught up on emerging technologies for business growth and development? Guests: Electronic Commerce Resource (ECRC) consultant Lisa Anderson.

12/8/99: Native America & Religious Freedom (Listen in RealAudio…)
In Cape Town, South Africa, a group of Native Americans are attending the Parliament of the World's Religions. This non-legislative body has attracted some 6,000 religious leaders and practitioners from around the planet. They are seeking ways to use their religious and secular spheres of influence to unite in the name of a sustainable world. Does Native wisdom hold the key?

12/7/99: Indian in the Spotlight: Paul DeMain (Listen in RealAudio…)
On this edition of Native America Calling we talk with Paul DeMain, Managing Editor and CEO of News from Indian Country. We'll ask him to share his views on recent events from across Native America, including the recent developments in the case of Annie Mae Aquash.

12/2/99: World Trade Organization (Part 2) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native America Calling continues its discussion on the World Trade Organization (WTO) with reports and updates from Seattle from NAC Director Joseph Leon and Associate Producer Valerie Taliman.

12/1/99: World Trade Organization 99 (Part 1) (Listen in RealAudio...)
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is arguably the most powerful policy-setting body on the planet. Several indigenous groups protested at the WTO's recent proceedings in Seattle, saying the trade policies up for adoption would greatly harm the world's Native cultures. NAC Director Joseph Leon and Associate Producer Valerie Taliman report from Seattle.

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11/30/99: The Forgiveness Show (Listen in RealAudio...)
How much of a part does forgiveness play in the healing process? Native America Calling discusses forgiveness, healing, and how the two work together.

11/29/99: Indians and Ecology (Listen in RealAudio...)
The idea of the Native American living in perfect harmony with nature is one of the most cherished contemporary myths. That is, according to the author of a book called ECOLOGICAL INDIANS. He contends that in past centuries Native people were not the natural environmentalists we were made out to be. Take a listen and see if you agree. Guest: Author Shepard Krech III.

11/24/99: Book-of-the-Month: PRISON WRITINGS (Listen in RealAudio...)
In this remarkable memoir, the world's #1 political prisoner, Leonard Peltier invites us into his world inside the walls of Leavenworth penitentiary. His book is a collection of poems and sentiments about being unjustly imprisoned for more than 23 years. We talk with Harvey Arden, editor of PRISON WRITINGS: MY LIFE IS MY SUNDANCE, and look at the ongoing effort to Free Peltier!

11/23/99: Tribal Names & Misnomers (Listen in RealAudio...)
Do you ever wonder what the true names of tribes are and how the modern tribal names came to be? Many tribes still carry the names given to them by enemies or foreign traders. But what about the names we call ourselves in our own languages? We look at tribal misnomers and ask whether tribes should go back to our original names. Is this the first step on the road to true sovereignty?

11/22/99: Auctioning Sperm & Eggs (Listen in RealAudio...)
If you had the opportunity to be the parent of a super model, would you choose to do so? We will check out a website that shows you how to bid on fertile human eggs and sperm donated by professional models. Should we, as a society, allow the practice of selling the human seeds of life to the highest bidder? Invited guests include Ron Harris, owner of Ron's Angels website.

11/18/99: Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Some people are afraid that the new proposed amendments to the Indian Child Welfare Act will lead to more Indian babies being placed into non-native adoptive homes or foster care. How can Native America stop the flow of Indian children being taken from their home and culture? Guests include Terry Cross, Executive Director for the National ICWA Association.

11/17/99: Native Community Video Libraries (Listen in RealAudio...)
Taos Talking Pictures and other organizations have helped launch two new video libraries at Taos Pueblo. They consist of 25 films, accompanied by study guides, intended to address concerns about the lack of distribution for socially conscious films and videos. How can this educate the public about Native issues? Guests include Jason Silverman, artistic director of Taos Talking Pictures.

11/16/99: Just Check Native on the Census (Listen in RealAudio...)
The U.S. Census Bureau has produced a national advertising campaign to avoid having the Native American population undercounted, as it was in 1990. Native people who are familiar with the Census are saying "Just Check Native" on the form. Why? Tune in and find out. Guests: Curtis Zunigha of the Delaware Tribe of Oklahoma and Michael Gray of G&G Advertising
Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

11/15/99: Zapatistas Speak Out (Listen in RealAudio...)
The ongoing struggle of the Zapatistas and other indigenous groups with the Mexican government continues to escalate in and around the Chiapas region. We will bring you an update on the human rights situation in Mexico and we will also visit with Rosalinda Santis Diaz of the Kinal Antzetik Women's Cooperative in San Cristobal, as she tours the U.S.

11/11/99: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio...)
On this Veterans Day show, we will bring you an update on the new movie-in-the-making about Navajo Code Talkers in WWII. The producers are still looking for young Navajo men who can play lead roles in the film. Also ESPN will be featuring a segment about Indian sports mascots from their "Outside the Lines" show. Join us for these and other Current Events from Indian Country.

11/10/99: Six Billion and Counting (Listen in RealAudio...)
The world just said "happy birthday!" to the six billionth child born last month. But some population researchers fear that the world is reaching its limit to provide for so many people. In fact, projections suggest that at the current growth rate the world's population is going to double within the next 50 years. How do we balance the needs of the population with the planet's ability to provide them? Guests: Charon Asetoyer of the Native American Women's Health Resource Center. Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

11/08/99: Is There a Sixth Sense? (Listen in RealAudio...)
The recent movie THE SIXTH SENSE has brought up a lot of questions about heightened perception. Like what is intuition? What is special insight? Are these special abilities gifts or curses? And how do we become more in-tune with and learn to trust our intuitive senses? Join us as we go beyond the ordinary and search for the sixth sense.

11/04/99: The Murder of Anna Mae Pictou Aquash (Part 2) (Listen in RealAudio...)
On this program Native America Calling hears from the accused in the murder of Anna Mae Pictou Aquash. Hear what the accused have to say in their defense after being named Anna Mae's killers. Also hear what some of the accusers have to say back. Guests: Vernon Bellecourt and Ward Churchill.

11/03/99: The Murder of Anna Mae Pictou Aquash (Part 1) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Today members and former members of the American Indian Movement (AIM) as well as members of Anna Mae's family say that they will come forth today to expose who murdered Anna Mae. Join Native America Calling as we discuss the murder of Anna Mae Pictou Aquash and what it means to Indian Country. Guests: Paul DeMain, Editor-in-Chief of News from Indian Country and Native journalist Minnie Two-Shoes.

11/02/99: Indian in the Spotlight: Wallace Coffey (Listen in RealAudio...)
He's served as tribal chairman for the Comanche Tribe of Oklahoma, he's been the grand master of every powwow venue in the Southern circuit, and now he's focused his energies on advancing Native arts and culture. We're talking about Wallace Coffey and we invite you to take a look with us at this Indian in the Spotlight edition of Native America Calling

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10/28/99: Dumping on Yucca Mountain (Listen in RealAudio...)
The nation's entire nuclear waste policy depends on the opening of Yucca Mountain in the heart of Western Shoshone country in Nevada, the proposed storage site for all of the nation's high-level nuclear waste. But questions about the site's geological stability as well as the cultural impacts on the Shoshone people have yet to be resolved. Will Yucca Mountain become the nation's waste repository? Or will the Shoshone people prevail and protect their sacred mountain? Guests: Mary Olsen, Southeast Regional Director of the Nuclear Information Resource Service.

10/27/99: Stop the Domestic Violence (Listen in RealAudio...)
We march and protest the murders of Indian men in border towns, but yet we ignore the violence that is taking place in our own homes and backyards. Domestic violence is still plaguing Native American families. What toll is this abuse taking on the future of Native America? What approaches are working on the community, state, and nationwide levels? Guests: Patricia Madrid, Attorney General for the State of New Mexico.

10/26/99: Book-of-the-Month: FROM THE BELLY OF MY BEAUTY (Listen in RealAudio...)
Esther Belin is a member of the Navajo Nation who was raised in Los Angeles and educated at Berkeley. Her new book of poems brings an authentic view of Native life growing up off-Rez. Her poetry captures displacement, disillusionment, and the ways that Native Americans reconcile a modern world with traditional beliefs.

10/25/99: What's in Store for Indian Arts (Listen in RealAudio...)
So much is happening with Indian Arts today. The Institute of American Indian Art (IAIA) broke ground on a new campus in Santa Fe. New international markets are opening up and Native arts organizations are also forming alliances to strengthen the Native presence in the worldwide art industry. What does the future hold for Indian arts? Guests: IAIA President Della Warrior.

10/21/99: Alcatraz: Thirty Years Later (Listen in RealAudio...)
It all started on Alcatraz Island 30 years ago when a group of young Native Americans reclaimed Alcatraz Island as aboriginal land. This bold move marked the birth of the modern American Indian Movement. How far have we come since that takeover on the Rock? Guests: John Trudell of the Santee Sioux Tribe and Adeline Potts of the Athabascan Nation. Listen to an earlier show with John Trudell...

10/20/99: National Native American Honor Society (Listen in RealAudio...)
Straight A's used to be out of reach for most Native students. But now, through the introduction of an educational philosophy based on ancient Indian traditions and customs, there are thousands of Natives with 4.0 grade point averages. Is your child an honor student? Do you qualify for retroactive membership? Guests: genetics professor and society founder Frank Dukepoo of the Hopi Nation

10/19/99: World Indigenous Rights (Listen in RealAudio...)
Article VI of the US Constitution states that treaties entered into between Indian Nations and the American government affirm the collective rights of tribes. And the United Nations has established a clear position of recognizing the sovereign rights of Indigenous people. So why is the UN's Declaration for the Rights of Indigenous People still in draft form? Guests: Leslie Gerson of the U.S. State Department.

10/14/99: Chief Illiniwek (Listen in RealAudio...)
This weekend a group of Native Americans will hold a march and rally against racist mascots at the University of Illinois homecoming football game. They are protesting the school's refusal to stop using Chief Illiniwek as their sports mascot. Will the university and their faithful ever give up their cherished chief? Guests: Michael Haney, Director of the National Coalition on Racism in Sports and the Media

10/13/99: Native Prophecies for the Next Millennium (Listen in RealAudio...)
Hundreds of Native elders came together to discuss prophecies for the new millennium and look at what we might expect in the coming days. They also came to unite the spiritual movement and give us strength for the coming age. Guests include members of the Confederation of Indigenous Elders and Priests of America.

10/12/99: The White Clay Alcohol War (Listen in RealAudio...)
Indian leaders are planning to file an application with the Nebraska state liquor commission to open a liquor store in the tiny uncharted town of White Clay. They say they will use the profits to treat the alcoholism that is running rampant on the nearby Pine Ridge Reservation. Is this the answer to this long-standing problem? Guests include Frank LaMere of the Winnebago Nation.

10/11/99: Who Found Who? (Listen in RealAudio...)
Columbus Day of all national holidays stirs the most debate among historians and Native scholars. In fact, there is a growing movement to reconsider the observation of Columbus Day as a national holiday, which has led some to suggest that the holiday be renamed Indigenous Day. On this edition of Native America Calling we look at the Columbus Day debate and ask who discovered who? Guests: Bill Means, President of the International Indian Treaty Council.

10/7/99: Current Events (Live from NCAI) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Hear what has been happening in Indian Country and what happend at the 56th Annual Session of the National Congress of American Indians.

10/6/99: The Indian Land Wars (Listen in RealAudio...)
If you thought the U.S.-Indian wars were over in America, you would be wise to think again. States, corporations, tribes, the federal government and other entities are all in a giant and complex tug-of-war over the most precious resource of all in this country -- land. Is Indian Country's land base shrinking or growing? Guests: Brian Wallace, chairman of the Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California and Madonna Archambeau, chairwoman of the Yankton Sioux Tribe of South Dakota.

10/5/99: Cashing In on Federal Recognition (Listen in RealAudio...)
What advantages and opportunities are there to becoming a federally recognized tribe? Well, some groups feel Indian Gaming is perhaps the biggest draw. Others feel it offers a chance to regain homelands, language, culture and a sense of community. While others feel it's the health and education benefits and other services. What is so good about being federally recognized? Guests: Apesanahkwat, chairman of the Menominee Tribe; D.K Sprague, chairman of the Gun Lake Band of Potawatomie; Loretta Tuell of the BIA's Office of Tribal Services; and Oklahoma State Senator Kelley Haney and member of the Seminole Tribe of Oklahoma. Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

10/4/99: Gambling on Good Faith (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Indian Gaming Regulatory Act of 1988 was intended to help stimulate economies in Indian Country. But an important part of the process, the actual negotiating of compacts between states and tribes, was left vague and unclear. This has caused both confrontations and celebrations for gaming tribes. What is the definition of negotiating in good faith? Guests: Richard Milanovich, chairman of the Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians; Butch Denny, chairman of the Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska and Jacob Coin, Executive Director of the National Indian Gaming Association.

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9/30/99: Plastic Shamans (Listen in RealAudio...)
Unfortunately, there are people out there that feel that all it takes to be a medicine man is the ability to call yourself one. Some do it to make a quick buck, while others just don't know any better. How should Native America deal with these overnight "holy" men and the misinformation that they spread? Guests: Russell Means

9/29/99: Losing the Drug War (Listen in RealAudio...)
America has poured billions of dollars into what some say is a losing war on drugs. Should we continue to throw money at a drug program that has gone up in smoke? What are the alternatives? Guests: New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson.

9/28/99: Book of the Month: "A Peoples Ecology" (Listen in RealAudio...)
Tewa author and University of New Mexico professor Greg Cajete of Santa Clara Pueblo explores sustainable living from a Native perspective through a collection of well-written modern essays. Guests: Greg Cajete

9/27/99: The Condition of Native American Studies (Listen in RealAudio...)
Many Native Studies programs at campuses and universities are under attack. Funding is being threatened and Native educators find themselves defending and justifying their existence. Will they survive? (Find more info on this topic at Indian U. at indianz.com)

9/23/99: What's Better, Being Single or Married? (Listen in RealAudio...)
We ask whether the bachelor life or the wedded life is better. Is everyone looking for the rapture and bliss that matrimony has to offer? If so why are so many people single? Guests: indianz.com's "Love Monster"

9/22/99: Nuclear-Free Pacific Rim (Listen in RealAudio...)
For more than forty years, the Pacific Rim has been the most popular spot in the world for industrialized nations to test their atmospheric and underground nuclear weapons. The indigenous peoples of the region feel they are getting close to the beginning of the end for nuclear testing and nuclear weapons in general. We take you live to a nuclear-free conference on the Polynesian Island of Tahiti.

9/21/99: Self-Determination in the South Pacific (Listen in RealAudio...)
Control over the island communities of the South Pacific has essentially been divided between four countries--Britain, France, Germany and the United States--all of whom impose their own form of imperialistic rule. Will the chains ever be broken? Join us as we continue our coverage from Tahiti.

9/20/99: Smart Genes (Listen in RealAudio...)
Scientists at Princeton University created a "super mouse" by altering its DNA to make it smarter. They claim that DNA engineering made the mouse learn faster and remember longer. If we can improve learning and memory in mice, can we do the same for humans? Should we use genetics to make ourselves, our kids, and even our parents smarter?

9/16/99: Waco: The White Man's Wounded Knee? (Listen in RealAudio...)
Both and Wounded Knee questioned the authority of the US and both were attacked. Is Waco "the White man's Wounded Knee?" Will the truth ever be known about either? Will the truth ever be known by everyone--including mainstream America? Guests: Ward Churchill, author of the book Cointelpro Papers

9/14/99: Problems in the Workplace (Listen in RealAudio...)
In a perfect world we would all come to work with smiles on our faces, happy and focused on the tasks at hand. Yet we all know that the demands of the workplace combined with the demands of our personal lives keep us from achieving this on a regular basis. What happens when things go haywire at work? How should we respond to problems in the workplace? Guests: Jack Deal of Deal Consulting Group

9/13/99: BIA Update with Kevin Gover (Listen in RealAudio...)
Kevin Gover, the Assistant Secretary of the Interior and head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, joins our discussion once again to tackle the issues and answer the hard questions. Listen as we talk about the newly issued BIA report on tribal priority allocations, the recent controversy concerning the Saginaw Chippewa tribe, and other questions and concerns from across Indian Country. Guests: Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs and head of the BIA

9/9/99: The First Americans? (Listen in RealAudio...)
For centuries, Native Americans were believed to be the first inhabitants of the Great Turtle Island, or what is now known as the Americas. But startling new theories are developing insisting that Native Americans were not here first. Some scientists are arguing that Europeans were here first, others contend it was Australian Aborigines. Who were the First Americans?

9/7/99: Warrior Radio (Listen in RealAudio...)
Commonly known as pirate radio, micro powered radio stations are popping up everywhere. Micro powered radio stations have become so much a part of the broadcasting landscape that the FCC is considering issuing "pirate radio licenses." Some tribal communities are ready to start up their own "warrior radio" stations, claiming that sovereign rights give them the power to produce this signal on Native lands. Guests: Luke Heiken Broadcast Attorney and Govinda Dalton micro transmitter engineer.

9/1/99: Heaven & Hell (Listen in RealAudio...)
Early in 1999 Pope John Paul II announced that heaven and hell are spiritual metaphors, not actual places. Native America Calling and its listeners take a look at some complex question: What are heaven and hell? Are they real or imagined places? Or are they just metaphors? Do they exist here in this reality? And if they are simple metaphors, what purpose do they serve?

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8/31/99: The New Indian Country Today (Listen in RealAudio...)
Indian Country Today (ICT) is under new management and we take a look at how the transition is affecting the country's largest Native-owned newspaper. Join us as we visit with new ICT Managing Editor Miles Morrisseau, a First Nations journalist from Canada.

8/30/99: Crisis in Chiapas (Listen in RealAudio...)
We examine the military buildup in Chiapas and ask, "What can Native America do to help find a peaceful resolution and defuse the current crisis?" Guests include: Jason Wallick of the Mexico Solidarity Network, and representatives from the US State Department and the Mexican Embassy in Washington DC.

8/26/99: Book of the Month: "Men on the Moon" (Listen in RealAudio...)
In this collection of 26 short stories called "Men on the Moon", author/poet Simon Ortiz of Acoma Pueblo again carries his readers to the world of his Pueblo people. Ironically, he uses his gift of writing to express an ageless oral culture and its traditions. His tales are about the land, spirituality, grief, happiness, and the power of storytelling itself.

8/25/99: The River that Harms (Listen in RealAudio...)
A new television program documents the largest radioactive waste accident on Navajo Nation lands. It occurred back in 1979 and for the most part little attention has been shed on this uranium accident that has affected families and communities throughout Navajoland. When will this tragedy be brought to light? Guests: The video's producer, Colleen Keane of KNME-TV in Albuquerque

8/24/99: Native Education Foundation (Listen in RealAudio...)
For years Indian education leaders have struggled with Congress over funding. Now a private foundation is being created to fill the gap left by funding shortfalls in Indian education. Why has it taken so long for this novel approach to finally come about? Has it come in time to save Indian education from the chopping block? Guests include Michigan Congressman Dale Kildee of the Democratic Party

8/19/99: NAC Update Edition (Part 2) (Listen in RealAudio...)
We conclude our update series on this edition of Native America Calling with updates on past programs including the Waste Isolation Pilot Project (WIPP), child predators, and Grass Roots Radio Conference.

8/18/99: NAC Update Edition (Part 1) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native America Calling has covered a lot of different issues since the beginning of 1999. On part 1 of a two-part series, we revisit some of those issues including Acteal, repatriation, Whiteclay, and more. Guests: Judi Morgan, Executive Director of the Nebraska Indian Commssion

8/17/99: Youth Action Summit (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native youth are restless and they're going to do something about it! Hundreds of Native teens participated in a youth summit in Denver to draft a youth action agenda for the coming years. On this edition of Native America Calling, we visit with some of these rising stars and share in their vision of a prosperous, healthy, and vibrant Native America. Guests: Organizer Binishi Albert of Youth Action Network

8/16/99: Native America's Vacation Getaway (Listen in RealAudio...)
As Native America diversifies its economy, tourism is becoming one of the front runners for economic development. Instead of reading about the Native experience, people can come be part of it in a nice neat vacation package. Can the wilds of Native America be the next vacation hot spot of the Americas? Guests: Lorintino Lallo of the New Mexico Department of Tourism

8/9/99: Remembering Nagasaki & Hiroshima (Beyond the Bomb) (Listen in RealAudio...)
On August 9, 1945 the US dropped the first atomic bomb on the people of Nagasaki, Japan. An estimated 64,000 civilians died. Then we dropped a second atomic bomb on Hiroshima. On this edition of Native America Calling we honor the memories of those nuclear victims as well as measure today's nuclear threat. Guests: Dr. Helen Caldicott of Physicians for Social Responsibility and actor Martin Sheen

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7/29/99: Native Prisoner Rights (Listen in RealAudio...)
Some rehab counselors say that Native prisoners' ability to practice their spiritual ceremonies are absolutely key to their quest for rehabilitation. But many penal institutions continue to deny these rights. On this edition of Native America Calling, we look at efforts to implement Native prisoner rights throughout the entire prison system. Guests: Walter Echohawk of the Native American Rights Fund

7/27/99: UFO Congress (Listen in RealAudio...)
The annual International UFO Congress conventions have grown into the largest UFO conferences in the world. On this special UFO/metaphysics edition of Native America Calling, we visit the 1999 congress in Mesquite, Nevada, and listen to discussions of UFO reports and metaphysical occurrences. Guests: Bob Brown of the UFO Congress

7/26/99: The Language of Spirituality (Listen in RealAudio...)
There are some in the science world who say that the English language has reached its limit in trying to articulate the processes of quantum physics and other complex scientific phenomena. A group of physicists are now looking to indigenous languages for the right words and phonetic codes to unravel the mysteries of the universe. Do Native languages contain the hidden codes of the universe? Guests: Dan MoonHawk Alford, writer and linguist and originator of QUANTUM LINGUISTICS

7/22/99: The Panama Canal (Listen in RealAudio...)
In December 1999 the Panamanian people will take control of the key to their economy-the Panama Canal. The canal represents the most important trade route from east to west. Who will control the canal and how will it affect the Native peoples of the Western hemisphere? Guests: Tony Gonzales of the International Indian Treaty Council from the United Nations in Geneva Switzerland

7/21/99: Forming International Native Markets (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Assembly of First Nations Canada is meeting with the National Congress of American Indians this week in Vancouver. They will hammer out a Native/Aboriginal trade pact which will unite emerging Native markets in the Americas. Can the Native American Free Trade Agreement survive today's market forces? Guests: Menominee Tribal Chairman Apesanakwat

7/19/99: Urban Indians (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Census Bureau is predicting that over 80% of Native Americans will be living off reservation by the year 2000. Will this mass migration affect the cultural future of Native America? And will tribes have to change policies to assist their tribal members living in urban areas? Guests: Gertrude Bakwanaga of the Northwest Indian Center in Minneapolis. Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

7/15/99: Hate Crimes (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native America has been the constant target of racially motivated murders since this country's birth. Now with the recent rash of highly publicized racial killings, the consciousness of the country has turned towards the roots of these hideous crimes. What drives someone to commit these horrible acts of hatred? Guests: Ward Churchill, professor of Ethnic Studies at the University of Colorado-Boulder and author of A LITTLE MATTER OF GENOCIDE: HOLOCAUST AND DENIAL IN THE AMERICAS, 1492 TO THE PRESENT

7/14/99: Marriage in the Classrooms (Listen in RealAudio...)
Schools in over 40 states are experimenting with marriage curriculum. That's right, college and high school students are participating in mock marriages, which last the school year, to learn what it means to be married. Educators hope these marital plays will help reduce the country's rising divorce rate. Can this kind of curriculum work in Native America? Guests Diane Sollee of the Coalition for Marriage, Family and Couples Education

7/13/99: Indian in the Spotlight: Russell Means (Listen in RealAudio...)
Hear what one of Indian Country's more controversial figures has to say about everything from Whiteclay to US government policy to the Navajo Nation's tribal soveringty. Guests: Russell Means

7/12/99: Who's Indian & Who's Not (Listen in RealAudio...)
The NAC crew is back from the Unity 99 Conference in Seattle, where one of the topics addressed was blood quantum and who can be called "a real Indian." On this edition host Harlan McKosato asks you, the listening audience, what makes a person a real Indian: blood quantum or lifestyle? Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

7/8/99: New Millennium/New Media? (Listen in RealAudio...)
We continue our live broadcast from Unity 99 Conference and take on the topic of the new millennium and how minority journalists are preparing themselves for the new era. On this edition we assemble some of the best native and other minority journalists to talk about the issues and media strategies. Guests: Ray Suarez, host of TALK OF THE NATION; Paul DeMain, Managing Editor and CEO of NEWS FROM INDIAN COUNTRY; and President Bill Clinton

7/7/99: Minorities in the Media (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native America Calling will be broadcasting live from the Unity 99 Journalism Conference in Seattle. When the Makah Indians of Washington State announced their plans to return to their tradition of harvesting California gray whales, the media painted them to be outlaws, bloodthirsty savages, and barbarians. Much of the one-sided coverage fueled the fires of hostility against the Makahs. How can we stop the editorial abuses of mainstream media against tribal peoples wanting nothing more than to live their lives according to their ancient traditions and beliefs? Guests: Makah Tribal Chairman Ben Campbell Johnson

7/6/99: Spoiled Food Supply (Listen in RealAudio...)
There are many concerns regarding the safety of our food supply. In this decade alone we've seen E-coli bacteria in meat products, salmonella poisoning in our poultry, and irradiated foods and genetically engineered products sold in the marketplace. Is our food fit to eat? Or are we risking our health by eating what the corporations and government put on our menus? Guests: Carol Tucker Foreman, Director of the Food Policy Institute

7/5/99: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio...)
It's time to hear what's happening in your part of the world on this Current Events Edition. We've also got a few updates for you, like President Bill Clinton's visit to the Pine Ridge Reservation, the International Indian Treaty Council Conference held in the Black Hills of South Dakota, and much more. So call us with your updates on this Current Events Edition of Native America Calling. Guests: President Salway of the Oglala Nation

7/1/99:Golf: A Native American Sport? (Listen in RealAudio...)
If you look closely, you'll see that more and more quality championship golf courses are dotting the Native American landscape. GOLF DIGEST reported that "golf is becoming an uniquely Native American sport." Two southwest tribes currently host PGA & LPGA qualifying events, and Navajo golfer Notah Begay is now on the PGA Tour. Is golf becoming the number one sport in Native America?

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6/30/99: Book of the Month: THE SCALPEL AND THE SILVER BEAR (Listen in RealAudio...)
Dr. Lori Arviso Alvord, the first female Navajo surgeon, is bringing the holistic healing knowledge of her people to western medicine. Her story shares her experience in balancing two completely different worlds in order to bring quality healthcare to her people. Can western and Native medicines be combined? Guests: Dr. Lori Alvord

6/29/99: What's In A Name? (Listen in RealAudio...)
There is a story and a history behind each of our family names. For Native people, many of our names are translations or mutations of our original tribal names, while some of our names were given to us in honor of our colonizers. What's the story behind your family name? Guests: Sabrina Little Axe of the Absentee Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma

6/28/99: Protecting Tribal Logos and Intellectual Property (Listen in RealAudio...)
There is a move in the Senate to create legislation to protect Tribal logos, insignias and intellectual property. If passed, the legislation would prohibit businesses from exploiting Tribal designs and motifs and could also help artists protect their intellectual property. Can this legislation adequately protect Native American intellectual property from free market forces? Guests: US Senator Bingaman of New Mexico, who introduced
the legislation

6/23/99: Sheep Is Life (Listen in RealAudio...)
Back in the Dust Bowl years, the government ordered the Navajo to reduce their herds of sheep to cut back on what was considered overgrazing. When the Navajo refused, the government engaged in a mass slaughter, nearly wiping out the herds. But one Navajo family began a campaign to save the Churro sheep, and a way of life. How are Native traditions intertwined with these animals and the land? Guests: Sharon Begay, teacher of Navajo language and culture

6/22/99: The Honor of Native Men (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native men have been getting kicked around and blamed for a long time for many of the problems in our tribes, families, and communities. And certainly males have to accept responsibility for their lack of leadership. But is this disrespect being internalized by Native men and then acted out? When will the honor return? Guests: Northern Cheyenne educator Clayton Small

6/21/99: World Peace & Prayer Day (Listen in RealAudio...)
The summer solstice is escorting in a host of activities and ceremonies around the planet. A very special event will be held at the University of Peace in San Jose, Costa Rica. It will be led by Lakota spiritual leader Chief Arvol Looking Horse, who is carrying out his forefathers' vision of mending the sacred hoop. Spread the message and help us celebrate World Peace and Prayer Day.

6/17/99: Aboriginal Voices Festival (Listen in RealAudio...)
A herd of 2,000 buffalo will thunder through the streets of Toronto next week as part of the opening ceremonies for the Aboriginal Voices Festival. The festival will encompass a media conference for television and radio broadcasters, journalists, filmmakers, and other new media artists. Will US Indian journalists ever catch up with the Canadians? Guests: festival coordinator Alanis King

6/16/99: The Tobacco Wars (Listen in RealAudio...)
Last fall, when a settlement was reached between states and the tobacco industry it was acknowledged that Native people have suffered greatly from the effects of smoking. Yet tribes were not allotted any compensation. Now tribes throughout Indian Country are planning to get their fair share. Did the tobacco settlement benefit anyone in Indian Country? Guests: Harold Salway, President of the Oglala Sioux Natio

6/15/99: International Indian Treaty Council (IITC) (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Hunkpapa Lakota Nation invites you to their 25th Anniversary Treaty conference at Mato Paha (Bear Butte), a sacred traditional area in the Paha Sapa (Black Hills). Indigenous people from around the world will gather to discuss international developments that affect local communities, and to build joint strategies. Is Native America making progress at the international level? Guests: Andrea Carmen of IITC

6/14/99: Persistent Organic Pollutants (Listen in RealAudio...)
Have you ever heard of POPs-persistent organic pollutants? They are the products and bi-products of recent human industry. They are pesticides and dioxins that float through the air, travel in our water, and concentrate themselves in living organisms, including humans. Guests: Tom Goldtooth of the Indigenous Environmental Network

6/9/99: Labor Unions on Tribal Lands (Listen in RealAudio...)
Workers on tribal trust lands do not have the same rights as most U.S. workers because of the sovereign immunity of tribal governments. This gives tribes the authority to reject any fair labor laws for employees on their reservation, such as a minimum wage, health care, and other benefits. In response, the hotel and restaurant labor movements are organizing union efforts for tribal casino workers in California. What workers' rights come with sovereign immunity?

6/8/99: The Ups and Downs of Nuclear Energy (Listen in RealAudio...)
The nuclear industry has started a massive media campaign saying technological advances have made nuclear power a safe, clean, and abundant source of energy. Industry officials say nuclear power is the only true alternative to burning fossil fuels, which has contributed heavily to global warming. Is it time we consider nuclear energy as a safe source of energy?

6/7/99: Innovative Indian Homes (Listen in RealAudio...)
Have you ever wondered if the house you live in affects your quality of life? A number of new housing projects in Native communities are now using traditional building techniques, styles, and materials to create energy efficient, environmentally-sound, and culturally-appropriate homes. What is a culturally-appropriate home? Guests: Dennis Holloway of the Colorado Solar Hogans Project and James Poley of the Hopi Foundation

6/3/99: Youth Gangstas (Listen in RealAudio...)
Whether we like it or not, gangs have become part of the Native American youth culture. Gangs and gang activities are a huge problem for every community. But are there any positive things we can learn from gang behavior? In the gang world, peers choose the leader, the kids defend their turf and their people, and they develop their own underground economies. If these things could be accomplished without kids shooting each other, or abusing drugs and alcohol, wouldn't they be acceptable?

6/2/99: US Gambling Moratorium (Listen in RealAudio...)
There is some talk in Washington, DC to put a moratorium on any new gaming operations or expansions. A federal commission released a report suggesting that gambling is creating problems like addiction and a rise in youth gambling. But it's not clear what the economic benefits are. So the commission is looking to stop all new gaming until they figure out what the different effects are. Does the federal government have the right to stop tribal gaming expansions?

6/1/99: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio...)
It's time to open the lines for you and invite you to share with us the issues affecting your community. We'll also welcome back KIDE radio in Hoopa, California. This hip tribal station is back on the air and is taking the meaning of radio active to a whole other level. Guests: Joe Orozco, General Manager of KIDE


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5/27/99: Gun Control (Listen in RealAudio…)
Enough is enough! The recent school shootings at Heritage High School outside of Atlanta is the second major incidence of schoolyard violence within the past month. We look into the question of whether stricter gun regulations keep firearms out of the hands of troubled children? And how do we stop the trend of schoolyard assaults? Listen to an earlier program on Littleton…

5/26/99: Book of the Month--BEAD ON AN ANTHILL (Listen in RealAudio…)
Oglala Sioux author Delphine Red Shirt describes the resiliency her people have displayed in spite of the tragedy and poverty of reservation life. This book tells her personal story of growing up in Nebraska and on the Pine Ridge Reservation in the 1960s and 70s. She struggles with the question of whether Native people can blend the old traditional ways with the new modern ways. Can we walk in two worlds?

5/24/99: Computer Tutors (Listen in RealAudio…)
Did your child make the grades he or she was hoping for this semester? Or did he or she fall a little short? Did you find yourself saying, "If I could just find someone to tutor my child, I know he could get better scores?" Well, we may have the answer. There is a live tutoring service over the Internet that is coming to Native America at a computer near you. Guests: Corrine Kills Pretty Enemy of Tutornet, Inc.

5/17/99: Living Together Out of Wedlock (Listen in RealAudio…)
More and more couples are moving in together before they are married. Many maintain that this is the best way find out if they are compatible before they tie the knot. But new evidence shows that your marriage is less likely to work if you live with your partner first. How do you feel about co-habitation before marriage? Guests: marriage analyst David Popenoe.

5/13/99: Kevin Gover on Indian Education (Listen in RealAudio...)
"Our schools no longer represent, in many cases, an effective learning environment", says Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. To remedy the problem the Department of the Interior proposed a 1.2 billion-dollar plan to replace or repair 170 federal Indian schools. Guests: Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs and head of the BIA

5/12/99: Fatherless Children (Listen in RealAudio…)
Fatherless families have become very prevalent today, but yet no one knows for sure how it affects the social fabric of our society. On this edition of Native America Calling we look at the fatherless child and examine the importance of a father's role in rearing children. And can fathers still be good parents even when living outside the home? Guests: family experts Dr. Wade Horn and Scott Ray.

5/6/99: Uwa Indians vs. Occidental Oil (Listen in RealAudio…)
On this edition of NAC, we visit with the Uwa Indians of Colombia. They are here in the United States to ask Occidental Oil to stop all oil operations within their homeland. We will also honor the memories of Ingrid Washinawatok, Terrence Frietas and Lahenae Gay, the three activists killed in Colombia while trying to help the Uwas in their fight for self-determination. Listen to more programs on Ingrid, Terrence, and Lahenae…

5/5/99: Born Again Indians (Listen in RealAudio…)
Christianity has forever made an impression on Native America. Many tribal communities adopted this form of spirituality within the context of their own beliefs. But because of past experiences, many have mixed emotions about their religious beliefs. Why have people accepted Jesus Christ and not Christianity? Guests: Leon Matthews, a Lakota Pastor from Pine Ridge, South Dakota.

5/4/99: Cradleboard Project (Listen in RealAudio...)
For the past thirty years Buffy Sainte-Marie has traveled the world interacting with diverse peoples promoting Native culture and helping children of all ethnic backgrounds discover that Native American culture is alive and well. Guests: Buffy Sainte-Marie

5/3/99: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio…)
So much is happening in Indian Country, from the opening of the first Native American Aeronautics School in New Mexico to the first Native March for Sovereign Rights in Alaska. On this Current Events NAC we also bring you an update on Leonard Peltier's fight for freedom and introduce you to a group of Pueblos performing an opera.

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4/29/99: Chemtrails--Artificially Changing the Weather (Listen in RealAudio…)
Reports are coming from across the country about weird trails left in the sky. But these aren't the contrails left by commercial airlines. These are chemtrails, which are chemical tracers used to manipulate and monitor weather patterns. Some people say these trails are weaving a web of toxic chemicals that are affecting human health. Guests: chemtrail investigator William Thomas.

4/28/99: Book of the Month--GARDENS IN THE DUNES (Listen in RealAudio…)
In her new book titled Gardens in the Dunes, author Leslie Marmon Silko weaves a tale about the clash of cultures at the beginning of the 20th century. It's a story about the acquisition of the American West and the indigenous struggle to withstand these tumultuous and turbulent times.

4/27/99: Domestic Violence (Listen in RealAudio…)
If you've never had to deal with domestic violence in your home, you're one of the lucky few. Unfortunately, statistics show that domestic violence is on the rise, much of which is not reported. The sad thing is that Native households have recorded the highest numbers of domestic abuse. What can be done to stop terror in the home? Guests: domestic violence expert Bonnie Campbell.

4/26/99: America's Schoolyards--The New Killing Fields (Listen in RealAudio…)
America's schoolyards have become the new killing fields. Babes with guns are hunting down other kids. Since the beginning of 1997 there have been ten major schoolyard killings including the recent massacre at Littleton school in Columbine Colorado. Why? That's the question we deal with on this special edition of Native America Calling. Listen to more programs on violence in our schools…

4/22/99: The Comedy Shop (Listen in RealAudio...)
The comedy shop is open for business today and proprietor comedian Drew LaCapa is having a two for one laugh-it-up sale. Come shop for laughs with us on this special comedy edition of Native America Calling.

4/21/99: Toxic Hot Spots (Listen in RealAudio…)
The toxic threat to Indian Lands is still a persistent problem. Mining, bad forest management, oil development and hazardous waste facilities still plague the Native American frontier. On this edition of Native America Calling we look at the environmental hotspots and look for ways to stop the toxic threat. Guests include Jackie Warledo of Green Peace and Tom Goldtooth of the Indigenous Environmental Network.

4/20/99: The Holy Smoke (Listen in RealAudio…)
On this edition of Native America Calling we take a look at the spiritual and cultural uses of tobacco. With all the anti-smoking campaigns occurring across the country at least everyone should know by now that smoking is bad for your health, but in the wake of all these anti-tobacco campaigns what are we doing to protect the ritualistic uses of this sacred plant? Guests: Lawrence Shorty, a traditional tobacco farmer.

4/13/99: Spring Planting Tips (Listen in RealAudio…)
Time to get out your tiller, your fertilizers, and your favorite seeds. The winter thaw has literally laid the groundwork for the annual rite of new. What are the tips and pointers for making sure your crops bloom to full fruition this season? Guests include Native green thumbs who will be online to take your gardening questions and advice.

4/12/99: The Young & the Reckless (Listen in RealAudio…)
Someone dies in an auto accident every thirteen minutes in this country. And crashes are the leading cause of death for young people? Some states are introducing tougher standards before letting teens behind the wheel, but will that be enough to lower the crash rates of young people? How do we reduce the risks on America's roadways? Guests include Ron Engle of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

4/8/99: Current Events with John Trudell (Listen in RealAudio...)
Hear what Dakota poet, musician, and spiritual intellectual John Trudell has to say about art, politics, life, and the events of the time. Guests: John Trudell

4/7/99: Institute of American Indian Arts (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Institute of American Indian Arts (IAIA) is breaking new ground as it is preparing to build a new campus in Santa Fe. Find out what is going on with the IAIA and with Indian art in general on this edition of Native America Calling.

4/5/99: South Dakota Land Transfer (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Great Sioux Nations stand to lose up to 200,000 acres of treaty lands to the state of South Dakota. The tribes are fighting the implementation of the Cheyenne River/Lower Brule/State of South Dakota Wildlife Habitat Restoration Act. Can the Sioux Nations keep their landbase intact under such legislative attacks and buyouts? Guests include members of the Black Hills Sioux Nation Treaty Council.

4/1/99: April Fool's (Listen in RealAudio...)
What? The Pequots have bought the Washington Redskins. Monica reaches out to Indian Country. The US Supreme Court says the US must now recognize all treaties signed with Native Americans--and this time they mean it. Tune in and hear these and other unbelievable, often hilarious, news stories from across Indian Country on this special April Fool's edition of NAC.

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3/30/99: The Kosovo Crisis (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Clinton Administration has committed our fighting forces to instill peace in the troubled region of Yugoslavia. This latest military operation in Kosovo has many people asking is it necessary for us to involve ourselves in someone else's civil war? Are there more peaceful solutions to implement peace rather than putting our sons and daughters in harm's way?

3/29/99: The Mille Lacs Decision (Listen in RealAudio…)
The US Supreme Court surprisingly ruled that the Anishinabe people of the Great Lakes can continue to hunt and fish on public land without state regulations stated in their 1837 treaty with the United States. Will this ruling start a trend for other tribes across Indian Country who are battling with states over treaty issues? Guests include Larry Leventhal of the American Indian Research and Policy Institute.

3/25/99: The Business of Indian Art (Listen in RealAudio…)
Indian art, as you know, is big business and it's getting bigger. Native artists are enjoying unprecedented success in the domestic markets, and with the right expertise they could capitalize on the world markets ... big time! So how do Native artists get savvy about marketing and selling their products? Join us as we talk about the business of art on the next Native America Calling.

3/24/99: Wanted: Native Journalists (Listen in RealAudio…)
Journalists from different ethnic backgrounds including Native American, Asian-American, Latino, and African-American will be gathering this summer in Seattle. They will be meeting in an effort to share ideas and discuss how to create a louder voice for minority issues in mainstream media. But the first step is to develop minority journalists. Join our guest Bernadette Chato of KTNN radio on the Navajo Nation and Doug Mitchell of NPR's Weekly Edition as we talk about a new program designed to help aspiring journalist to break into the world of radio.

3/23/99: Tax Free USA (Listen in RealAudio…)
It's the time of year for taxes again. Time to gather all of your receipts, your W-2, your tax forms, and your headache medicine. Have you ever tried to imagine a world with no taxes? Well, there are some bold and rather innovative thinkers who have come up with a plan to at least have a country with no taxes. Is the plan legitimate?

3/15/99: Wisdom Keepers of the North (Listen in RealAudio…)
A coalition of healers and medicine people called "The Wisdom Keepers of the North" are converging in Alaska to heal and protect the Bearing Sea. The Gwitchins of the Arctic Circle have resurrected an ancient trail that connects their US and Canadian villages. The people of the north are on the move to heal, protect, and unify the people and the land. Guests include Larry Merculieff of the Bearing Sea Coalition & Gideon James of Venetie Village.

3/11/99: The Supernatural (Listen in RealAudio…)
Since time immemorial, the world of the paranormal has intrigued every culture on this planet. There have always been strange, unexplained occurrences that keep people in search of these mysterious powers and forces. Is there truly a world of spirits and other supernatural beings? Are you experienced? Guests include ghostbusters John Zaffis and Mike Roberge.

3/9/99: The Killings in Colombia (Part 2) (Listen in RealAudio…)
Native America Calling is preempting the program for 3/9/99 to continue our discussion about the kidnapping and killings in Colombia. On this special edition we speak with some of the International negotiating team and try to answer the questions that everyone has been asking: Who was responsible for these crimes and what can be done to protect our organizers in the third world?

3/8/99: Killings in Colombia (Part 1) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Three Americans: Ingrid Washinawatok, Terence Freitas, and Lahe'ena'e Gay were found dead on March 4, 1999. They were working on setting up schools for the Uwa Indians, who had been and continue to fight to keep oil development off their land. Native America Calling grieves over the killings in Columbia as well as talks about their deaths with the rest of Indian Country.

3/4/99: Traditional vs. IRA Governments (Listen in RealAudio…)
Do the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) Governments work in Native America? Some say they don't. There is a growing Native traditionalist movement wanting to reinstall traditional style governments led by the councils of elders and sages. But can tribes go back to tradition and survive in today's political and economic world? Guests include Stacey Scares Hawk and Antoinette Redwoman of the Lakota, Nakota and Dakota traditional governments.

3/1/99: Violence against Native America (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Justice Department's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) says that Native Americans are victims of violent crimes at more than twice the rate of all US residents. The sad irony is that as the national crime rates go down, violent crimes are on the rise in Indian Country. What can be done to understand and stop the violence against Native America? Guests include Steve Smith of the BJS and co-author of the report.

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2/25/99: White Supremacy/White Hatred (Listen in RealAudio…)
The recent trial of white supremacist Bob King has shocked America. But the sad truth is that the number of white supremacists and other hate groups are growing in numbers and have become America's number one skeleton in the closet. What can be done do put out the fires of racial hatred? Join us as we discuss white supremacy and white hatred on the next Native America Calling.

2/24/99: Book of the Month --THE TRICKSTER AND THE TROLL (Listen in RealAudio…)
This book is a tale about Iktomi, the trickster figure from Lakota legend, and Troll, the familiar character from Norse mythology. Author Virginia Driving Hawk Sneve joins us to talk about how these two characters meet and discover that their lives maintain very similar circumstances in regard to cultural survival.

2/23/99: Open Lines w/Kevin Gover (Listen in RealAudio...)
Hear what Kevin Gover respond to questions from across Indian Country. Guests: Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs and head of the BIA

2/22/99: Buffalo Soldiers (Listen in RealAudio…)
Soon after the Civil War, the US Cavalry recruited and trained a group of black men and sent them westward for duty in the Indian Wars. Some historians refer to these Indian fighters as heroic, while some tribal members refer to them as traitors and villains. What was the true history between the Buffalo Soldiers and Native America? Guests include George Carter of the Buffalo Soldier Society of New Mexico.

2/18/99: Aztec Wisdom (Listen in RealAudio…)
NAC Director Joseph Leon visits with an Aztec elder about the Aztec connection to the Southwest and explores the healing and spiritual philosophies of these ancient peoples.

2/17/99: The Dead Zones & America's Waterways (Listen in RealAudio…)
There are weird viruses and microorganisms spawning in America's waters. And according to recent studies, where there are no new exotic life forms emerging, the waters are becoming wastelands. Take the Gulf of Mexico, for example. How serious and widespread is the threat to our oceans and waterways? And how do we protect and restore them? Guests include Boyce Thorne-Miller of SEAWEB.

2/16/99: Indian Civil Rights Movement (Listen in RealAudio…)
Did you know that Native America was way ahead of our time in advocating civil rights? That's right, there were Native organizers who predated the popular movements of the 1950s & 60s. Elizabeth Peratrovich was one. The famous Tlingit/Haida woman of Alaska fought for equality of her people during the 1940s. But with so many attacks on Native sovereignty have we really achieved equality? Guests include Neddie Peratrovich of the Tlingit/Haida Civil Rights Commission

2/11/99: Empowerment Zones (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Clinton Administration has given the Pine Ridge reservation two million dollars to create an Economic Empowerment Zone, in order to attract businesses to one of the poorest communities in the nation. But some economists warn that companies who are looking to sidestep taxes could abuse these zones. Will Pine Ridge finally find prosperity? Guests include a spokesperson for the Oglala Sioux Nation.

2/10/99: The Fighting Sioux (Listen in RealAudio…)
The "The Fighting Sioux" logo of the University of North Dakota may be on its way out or maybe not. The student body voted by a narrow margin to change the logo because it insults the Sioux people of the region. However, there is a small but influential group of students and school administrators who are not willing to change it regardless of the vote. Have we seen the end of the Fighting Sioux? Guests include Teresa Brockie, Assiniboine student at USD.

2/9/99: The Alcohol Pill (Listen in RealAudio…)
People recovering from alcohol abuse are often tempted to tip the bottle. There is a medicine on the market called Naltrexone that is now being offered through recovery programs that suppresses this urge to drink. Can this pill help Indian Country win the war against alcohol abuse? Guests include Lloyd Vacovsky, director of Assisted Recovery Centers of Arizona.

2/8/99: BIA Trust Funds Mismanagement (Listen in RealAudio…)
Some call it the biggest debacle in the history of the US federal government. The Bureau of Indian Affairs has allegedly mismanaged or lost billions of dollars held in trust for tribes and individual members. Now, the special trustee appointed to clear up the mess has quit in protest. Guests include Dom Nessi of the BIA.

2/4/99: Free Leonard Peltier (Listen in RealAudio…)
Amnesty International has declared American Indian Movement (AIM) activist Leonard Peltier the world's number one political prisoner. Leonard is still being held in Leavenworth Penitentiary, Kansas where he's spent the last quarter century for a crime that he and human rights organizations say he did not commit. All Leonard has asked for is a fair trail where he can submit evidence that would clear him of the murder charges of two FBI agents. Scheduled guests include Gina Bordeaux Roach, an AIM activist who was there on the Pine Ridge Reservation during the Jumping Bull shootout; as well as, Ramsey Clark, who was US Attorney General during Peltier's trial and now openly opposes Peltier's continued imprisonment.

2/1/99: First Americans in the Arts Awards (Listen in RealAudio…)
It's the Native version of the Academy Awards, the Emmys, and the Grammys all rolled into one. This is Indian Country's most glamorous event and it is being held in Hollywood, California. What was your favorite Native movie in '98? Your favorite music? Your favorite actors and actresses? Guests include Dawn Jackson, vice-chair of the FAITA Board of Trustees.

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1/28/99: Buffalo Slaughter (Listen in RealAudio…)
Things are heating up in cold Montana. The state is sending buffalo to slaughter, which has outraged many Native and non-native communities. The state says it's necessary to kill the buffalo to ensure that brucellosis-carrying bison do not endanger ranchers' livestock. Opponents of the slaughter say there is no scientific evidence that proves this is a real threat. Can the buffalo be saved from the Montana slaughterhouses? Guests include Michael Meese of Buffalo Nations.

1/27/99: Book of the Month--ESSIE'S STORY (Listen in RealAudio…)
This is the life story of Esther Burnett Horne, a Shoshone woman who dedicated her life to becoming an accomplished and inspiring educator in Indian boarding schools. Her experiences as student and teacher have enabled her to provide a detailed, authentic portrait of boarding school life. Guests include Esther Burnett Horne and co-author Sally McBeth.

1/26/99: Adolescent Promiscuity (Listen in RealAudio…)
Sexual encounters and discovery for today's young adults can be a dangerous endeavor. With so many new sexually transmitted diseases, an untimely encounter during a moment of passion can prove to be deadly. How can our young adults learn the ways of the birds and the bees in these times of lethal sexual diseases? Invited guests include youth organizers Michael Spears and Nathan Chasing His Horse.

1/25/99: Bringing Native Food Crops to Market (Listen in RealAudio…)
There are numerous Native agricultural producers in this country growing high quality organic food crops. Their biggest obstacle however is bringing their goods to the marketplace and the commodities program. How can we bring Native food crops to market? Guests include Clayton Brascoupe, program director for the Traditional Native American Farmers Association.

1/20/99: Nunuvat: Rebirth of a Nation (Listen in RealAudio…)
The Native people of the Northwest Territories in Canada were given back millions of acres to reconstruct their homeland, Nunuvat. This return of the land has created both opportunity and risk. The people of Nunuvat now must run their homeland as an independent country and must develop their own resources, economy, and tax base. This also means they run the risk of amassing large debts and leveraging their loans with the very land they fought to regain. What can we learn, and how can we assist in the rebirth of Nunuvat? Guests include Dalee Sambo.

1/19/99: Tribal Governments in Transition (Listen in RealAudio…)
'Tis the season for newly elected tribal governments to take their seat and conduct this year's business. But how does the changing of tribal leaders affect the ever-changing Native political agenda? Like other elected governments, the Native political priorities change from administration to administration. How do we ensure a smooth transition within our tribal government? Scheduled guests include Kevin Gover, head of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

1/18/99: United States: Human Rights Defender or Violator? (Listen in RealAudio…)
The United States proudly declares itself as the world leader of human and civil rights. But according to Amnesty International, the U.S. is one of the worst human rights offenders domestically and around the world. Is the U.S. a defender of human rights or a violator? Guests include Sam Jordan of Amnesty International and Leslie Gerson of the U.S. State Department

1/14/99: Does God Exist? (Listen in RealAudio…)
Does God Exist? Or was life a cosmic accident born out of a mix of bacteria and a random collision of atoms? According to a recent publication, God-or the Great Spirit-does exist and the author says he has the scientific evidence to prove it! The existence of the Great Spirit, however, has never been questioned by Native America. Guests include Dr. Patrick Glynn, author of GOD THE EVIDENCE.

1/13/99: Saving our Languages (Listen in RealAudio…)
Probably the most important element in any flourishing culture is language. With each passing generation, however, our tribal languages here on Turtle Island are vanishing. But tribes are conscious of this impending tragedy and many are becoming proactive to save these precious dialects. What are you doing to save your tribal language?

1/7/99: Casino Closures (Listen in RealAudio…)
There are several tribes that are facing closure of their casinos and seizures of their slot machines. The Colville, Shoalwater Bay, and Spokane tribes of Upstate Washington are several examples. Federal officers are ready to close their casinos, which would have devastating effects on the tribal economies. Are we witnessing the beginning of the end for tribal gaming? Scheduled guests include Butch Denny of the Santee Sioux Tribe.

1/5/99: Current Events 1999 (Listen in RealAudio…)
The new year promises to bring new and important challenges for the Indigenous world. On this Current Events Edition of Native America Calling we will update you on the events unfolding in Native America as well as Mexico and South America. We also invite you to call in with your local issues and events. Scheduled guests include Lakota activist/actor Russell Means.

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12/17/98: United States: Defender of Human Rights? (Listen in RealAudio...)
The United States has once again stopped short of committing full support to the United Nations draft Declaration on the Rights of the World's Indigenous Peoples. The general statement delivered recently by the State Department contained language that left questions regarding U.S. policy toward the collective rights of Native people. Can our country live up to its rhetoric?

11/25/98: Book-of-the-Month: THE CHOCTAW REVOLUTION (Listen in RealAudio...)
Thirty-five years ago, the Mississippi Choctaws were aptly described as one of the poorest pockets of poverty in the country. But through courageous leadership the tribe has gone through dramatic changes, and is now one of the five largest employers in the entire state. What are the lessons learned and how can they benefit the rest of our Native communities? Guests include Choctaw Chief Phillip Martin. Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

11/23/98: U.N. Human Rights Declaration (Listen in RealAudio...)
After years of deliberation, reporting, and testimony reports from Geneva indicate that there is something about to break concerning an international declaration of basic human rights of indigenous people. Will America walk the talk and finally sign an agreement? Guests include Gare Smith, Principal Deputy Assistant of Secretary of State and Leslie Gerson, Deputy of Secretary of State

11/10/98: Census 2000 (Listen in RealAudio...)
Are Native people too paranoid of revealing personal information to the government? Historically, we have been undercounted as a whole, but could this be due to our own efforts not to be found? Are Native Americans suffering from Census-phobia? Is it time come out of the shadows and stand up and be counted? Guests include Nedra Darling, director of the U.S. Census Bureau's Native American Programs. Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

11/9/98: Social Security in Native America (Listen in RealAudio...)
Saving and strengthening the Social Security Fund has caught the attention of many baby boomers. Many are worried that all the money paid into the Social Security System will not be there when Baby Boomers retire. But how does Social Security benefits help Native Americans? Especially when you consider the question of dual nationalities and citizenships? Guests: Jean Daniels of the National Committee on Aging. Listen to LIVE coverage on Social Security Issues in Native America April 14, 2000 10am-noon and 2pm-3:30pm EST.

11/4/98: Current Events (Listen in RealAudio...)
NAC talks about Election 98 and Proposition 5 as well as other issues from around Indian Country.
Listen to other programs on gaming.

10/22/98: Success Stories from Across Indian Country (Listen in RealAudio...)
Live from the 1998 National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) Conference in Myrtle Beach, SC. Native America Calling talks with people about the good things that are going on from across Indian Country. Guests: Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs and head of the BIA.

10/21/98: Banking on Native America (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Community Reinvestment Act says that banks need to make loans to all credit-worthy applicants in a bank's service area. Modern technology, as well as new laws and government policies, are now allowing banks to merge with one another and the result is large banks with service areas that span the US. What does the new banking system mean for Native America? Guests: Cheri Salway-Black of First Nations Development.

10/19/98: NAFTA's Impact on Native America (Listen in RealAudio...)
The jury is still out on the North American Free Trade Agreement and how it is affecting Native communities. Some tribal leaders have been outspoken in their support for the agreement, while others claim that it is taking food off the tables of Native families. Is NAFTA good for Indian Country? Guests: Deni Lenard of the Warm Springs Confederated Tribes of Oregon.

10/1/98: Sterilization of Native American Women (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Government Accounting Office found widespread sterilization abuse of Native American women in areas served by the IHS. In 1975 alone, 25,000 Native American women were permanently sterilized. This practice is also running rampant in third world countries. How does sterilization threaten the genetic future of the world's Indigenous populations? Guests include Charon Asetoyer of the Native American Woman's Health Education Resource Center

9/17/98: Mixed Marriages (Listen in RealAudio...)
According to a recent US census study there are more and more mixed blood marriages in Native America. Of all the ethnic minority groups in this country...native Americans are the least likely to marry our own. Does mixed marriages create an in home culture clash? Or does mixed marriages with non-native cultures threaten to thin our already thinning bloodlines?
Check out NAPT's Census page for other related Native America Calling programs...

9/2/98: Return of Our Ancestors (Part 2) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Because of the controversy over possible violations of NAGPRA by employees of the University of Nebraska, the school convened a meeting with tribal leaders from the four tribes located within the state. They promised to return the bones, but never did... Listen to what people had to say then and what they had to say a year later ...

9/1/98: Return of Our Ancestors (Part 1) (Listen in RealAudio...)
The state of Nebraska led the way in 1989 when the state legislature passed a bill protecting Indian skeletal remains. The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was passed by the US Congress a year later. In the summer of 1998, the University of Nebraska found itself in hot water because of possible violations of both state and federal law. Guests: Priscilla Grew of the University of Nebraska

8/27/98: School Textbooks (Listen in RealAudio...)
School books are notorious for leaving out the Native American perspective. When it is included, it seems like an afterthought. When will we get this policy changed? Guests: Robin Butterfield of the National Indian Education Association (NIEA)

8/12/98: Indian Schools Online (Listen in RealAudio...)
As part of the Clinton Administration's nationwide initiative, tribal schools and colleges are catching up with the rest of the world wide webbers. Can our children compete in this age of technology?

8/5/98: Indian Gaming...Good or Evil?(Listen in RealAudio...)
Tribes are being attacked on all fronts over their perceived riches from gaming revenues. Governors ... congressmen ... attorney generals .. .mayors ... everybody is getting in on the act. Is there any other way to make legitimate money on our reservations? Guests: Rick Hill, chair of the National Indian Gaming Association. Listen to other programs on gaming.

7/8/98: Chiapas War Zone (Part 2) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Live from Chiapas with Native America Calling Director Joe Leon. Guests include Marguerita Hernandez, San Cristobal, Chiapas, Rural Development Corporation.

6/23/98: Transporting Nuclear Waste (Listen in RealAudio...)
Nuclear waste is quietly being shipped all over the US and Indian Country. The WIPP dump site in New Mexico and Yucca Mountain in Nevada will likely bring new shipments through your town. Are our communities ready to deal with the risks of accidents and spills? Guests: Virginia Sanchez

6/16/98: Savage Love (Listen in RealAudio...)
The myth of the noble and exotic savage is not dead yet. Have you ever seen or read one of those Indian romance novels about the muscular and brave Indian warrior or the curvy young Indian maiden in the Pocahontas dress? Why are they so popular? Guests: Karen Kay, author of Native American romance novels

6/4/98: The Next America (People of Color as the New Majority) (Listen in RealAudio...)
Demographers predict that by the middle of the next century people of color will be the new majority. Some groups are already making new connections in hopes of building a brighter future in the new millennium. How can communities of color become a force in the next century? Guests include Phyllis Hairston and Abel Lopez of The Association of American Cultures

5/26/98: Uranium Miners (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Navajo uranium miners are losing patience with the federal government. Its been years since the US promised compensation for Navajo miners who were knowingly exposed to uranium--both in the mines and the mills. Is the federal government reneging on its promise to care for these miners and their families? Guests: Congressman Bill Redman (NM), lawyer Cooper Brown, and a former miner Phil Harrison

5/13/98: Bureau of Indian Affairs (Listen in RealAudio...)
Assistant Secretary of the US Department of Interior Kevin Gover, a member of the Pawnee Tribe of Oklahoma, joined us to present a State of the Union address ... radio style. During the program the new Chief of the BIA discusses issues ranging from the economics of Indian Country .to the trust account lawsuit filed against the Bureau..Guests: Kevin Gover, Assistant Secretary - Indian Affairs and head of the BIA

5/5/98: California Casinos (Listen in RealAudio...)
In an ongoing battle with Governor Pete Wilson over gaming compacts ...California tribes made history. Armed with more than a million signatures in a history-making response from California voters, Indian tribes turned in petitions that placed the issue of protecting Indian gaming on tribal lands on the November Ballot. Listen to other programs on gaming.

3/24/98: President's Initiative on Race (Listen in RealAudio...)
Many of our nation's leaders have said that racism is still the great downfall of this country. Well, Native people and other ethnic minorities could have told us that without a report, a study, or a commission. How alive and well is racism in the United States? Guests include Delaware Steve Newcomb of the Indigenous Law Institute

3/19/98: Native Americans and College (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native America Calling takes a look at the current trends concerning Native Americans and colleges--from why some Native Americans drop out of state and private universities to the high placement rates of tribal college graduates.

2/26/98: Wounded Knee (Listen in RealAudio...)
When you look back at the entire history of the war between the U.S.and Native America, there are certain images that stand out. One of those images is a photograph of Chief Bigfoot lying in the snow after the massacre at Wounded Knee. Did Wounded Knee break the spirit of Native people? Or has it strengthened us? Guests include Robert Quiver of the Oglala Lakota Nation

2/2/98: Black Indians (Listen in RealAudio...)
It's not celebrated and not readily acknowledged, but it is a fact that Native Americans and African Americans have a shared history. This common past has had an impact on the social values of our people today. What are the bridges that connect our two cultures? Guests include William Loren Katz, author of "Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage"

1/19/98: Civil Rights (Listen in RealAudio...)
As we celebrate the birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., we also examine the civil rights and sovereignty movements in Indian Country. What are the similarities and contrasts between the African American civil rights movement and the Native American sovereignty movement? Guests include LaDonna Harris of Americans for Indian Opportunity.

1/8/98: Affirmative Action (Listen in RealAudio...)
There are laws that are supposed to dictate hiring practices in the corporate world and at the governmental level. But are these laws really being followed or should they be abolished? What about Indian Preference laws? Are they fair? Guests include Ime Salazar of the American Indian Science and Engineering Society

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12/3/97: Tribal Gaming Compacts (War on the Great Lakes) (Listen in RealAudio...)
In 1997, the Governor of Wisconsin held tribal treaty rights hostage and used gaming compacts as bargaining chips. But the tribes didn't play his game...saying their hunting and fishing rights are not negotiable. Also covered are the struggles in California, Nebraska, and elsewhere in Indian Country. Guests: councilman Mic Isham of the Lac Coutre Orielles Ojibway Tribe and Governor Thompsons office. Listen to other programs on gaming.

12/2/97: Justice Served? (Listen in RealAudio...)
Native people of both Canada and the United States say it's time to address the mistreatment of their people within the justice system. In the United States we have Leonard Peltier and Canada has their Native political prisoners as well. As Harlan McKosato and Sharon McConnell continue their live broadcast from Toronto, they are joined by Canadian civil rights acivitists.

11/25/97: Native Contributions to the Americas (Listen in RealAudio...)
The Native contributions to the world's food supply and economy are immense ... yet often unnoticed. How have the discoveries and lifestyles of Native Americans contributed to the world today? Guests include: author and historian Jack Weatherford.

11/17/97: Tribal In-fighting (Listen in RealAudio...)
Why can't tribal members set aside their differences and work for the good of the tribe and the community? It seems every tribe is faced with some type of political upheaval, and the unrest inevitably affects life in the community. How can unity be created within individual tribes?
Guests: Judi Morgan, Executive Director of the Nebraska Indian Commssion

11/18/97: Indian Gaming (Listen in RealAudio...)
Arguably the biggest story in Indian Country--certainly the one that is receiving the most headlines--is the controversy surrounding tribal casinos. Some tribes are making millions, while others have rejected it as a viable form of economic development. Is the sun setting on Indian Gaming? Guests: Mary Ann Andreas, Chair of the Morongo Band of Mission Indians

2/4/97: The Drum (Listen in RealAudio...)
People from across Indian Country talk about what the drum means to them and their culture. Guests: Ralph Zotigh of Zotigh Singers and Harold Belmont with the Northern Drum Society

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7/25/96: This Bud's for You (Listen in RealAudio...)
In 1996, Budweiser ran an ad in England, starring Native Americans. Budweiser says that it was simply showing how Budweiser is an "authentic American beer." Others say that the company was using stereotypes to sell what has been a destructive force in Indian Country. http://www.health.org/pubs/mpw-fact/mpw017.htm

6/23/95: Book of the Month: "Reservation Blues" (Listen in RealAudio...)
Hear what the author and future filmmaker had to say when Smoke Signals was still an idea. Guests: Sherman Alexie